Religion: An Emotional Politico-Economical Decision

reli.jpgThe relationship between religion and globalization has been manipulated by political leaders in order to shape ones spiritual perspective within the “legal order of things” delimited by society.  According to Daniel Golebiewski, author of several books about many definitions of religion -within the globalized context nowadays communities are experiencing-, “religion is a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the Universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency or agencies, usually involving devotional and ritual observances, and often containing a moral code [of] [governing] which conducts human affairs,” (Golebiewski, 2009). Therefore, it is accurate to mention that from ancient ancestors until today’s political leaders the enterprising of religion has been a way of exercising political authority within society’s laws. Then, this must have been guiding them throughout history to impose over the communities’ behavior and beliefs their globalized vision of governing people. In consequence, religion has become a globalized way –that society continues using- to tight together everyone instead of having a society all beaten up. According to the book “Sourceswork: Academic Writing from Sources”, “globalization, is about the promotion of consumer values that feed on the perception that happiness is rooted in material progress, that choice equals the highest freedom, and that being well connected is more important than being deeply connected. The end result [of] [globalization] is the transformation of human society to a degree and in ways not truly understood,” (Rifkin, 2003). Yet, religion has appeared as an abruptly shaper of cultures’ emotions, political, and economic affairs.

Over the years, religion has developed an interesting way of manipulating people’s emotions in order to establish order within society. Several authors such as John Corrigan, author of “Religion and Emotions”, have examined how some attitudes toward and expressions of emotion in a wide range of religious traditions and periods, through various textually based, historical, and ethnographic approaches, and they also have found out that “the relation of emotion to moral or religious norms, the role of emotion in faith, religious emotions as a performance of feeling in ritual contexts, and the relation of emotion to religious language” are on what some leaders based their ways of leading. For example, in the year of 1442, when the Pope of Catholic Church was Rodrigo Borgia, a big area of Italy was ruled by the Catholic Laws -of course- imposed by the already mentioned Pope. Still, the Church guides the emotions of many of the leaders who are governing nowadays. If it  easier to look toward the Middle East where Islam controls and exercise political, social, cultural, and religious authority within people’s behavior and thoughts. Globalization is a good example of how politico-religious leaders can control and enterprise any law in society through religion.

As well as the society’s emotions are controlled by a moral code set by any religion one believes in, the political decisions may also be reformed by ones religious beliefs. Ira Rifkin wrote in “Spiritual Perspectives on Globalization” that “global publics [political perspectives] are sharply divided over the relationship between religion and morality. In much of Africa, Asia, and the Middle East, there is a strong consensus that belief in God is necessary for morality and good values,” (Rifkin, 2003). Therefore, political leaders have created ways of keeping people believing in their commands, or statements (which are supposed to be guided by God) through one religion called Islam. So, it is precise to express that during the course of history no matter what religion is being practiced in one’s country, it has had an influence in the way a politician have ruled.

Nevertheless, the relationship between globalization and religion has been one of the closest one to another as a new possibility and challenge within society. Economical decision have been made on God’s history, For instance, religious communities such as the Roman Catholic Church, the World Council of Churches, and the Jewish Diaspora have also taken part in international affairs. According to Daniel Golebieswki, author of “Religion and Globalization: new Possibilities, Furthering Challenges”, “globalization brings a culture pluralism, meaning religions with overlapping but distinctive ethics and interests interact with one another,” (Golebieswki, 2009). Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam not only have set the world’s leading religious traditions, but also have become official institutions which teach values such as human dignity, equality, freedom, and economic ones. Those main religious groups have taken part in events such as “Jubile 2000”, an international effort advocating for cancelling Third World debt by the year of 2000, and the “World Faith Dialogue” which is an effort of international faith leaders along with the World Bank to support development to the UN’s Millennium Development goals. In order to control people’s economic, politic and even emotional decisions, religious groups have taken advantage of it to enterprise the religion’s concept as a way of succeeding.

Globalization allows religion to continue growing as a powerful way of exercising political, economic, and emotional authority over individuals. Religious groups have become transnational corporations; hence they have converted in important actors in the international system. Spiritual perspectives have been driven by leaders as globalization continues; individuals should start thinking that over any decision one makes in the government, there are many corporations all together making that decision. All should care about who is making their politico-economic, and “emotional laws”.

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